中国福彩网22选5开奖

職場英語:6招教你如何做一場出色的英文演說

作者:admin

來源:

2017-8-8 10:45

講座是傳統教學的一種方法,或許是最古老的一種方法。一些批評者認為講座是一種被動的教學方式。然而,講座不總是被動的。一個高效的講座是經過計劃和選擇的。下面是一些規劃講座的小妙招。

1. Don't Cover It All
不要包括所有的內容

Base your lecture on the most important material, a topic that your listeners are likely to find difficult or material that doesn't appear in the text.
以最重要的內容構建講座,可以選擇聽眾們覺得困難的話題或者課本中沒有出現的內容。

2. Make Choices
做出選擇

Your lecture should present no more than three or four major issues, with time for examples and questions. Determine the critical message of your lecture and then remove the adornments. Present the bare bones in a succinct story.
講座呈現的問題應該不超過三個或者四個,這樣就有時間進行舉例和提問。判斷出講座中的重要信息并且刪掉修飾內容。呈現出一個簡潔的故事梗概。



Listeners will absorb the salient points easily if they are few in number, clear, and coupled with examples.
如果要點數量不多,清楚并且有例子進行解釋,聽眾們會容易理解。

3. Present in Small Chunks
以小版塊內容呈現


Present your lectures in 20-minute chunks. What's wrong with a 1- or 2-hour lecture? Research shows that listeners remember the first and the last ten minutes of lecture, but little of the intervening time.
以20分鐘的小版塊內容呈現講座。一個小時或者兩個小時的講授有問題?據調查顯示聽眾們記得講座前10分鐘和后10分鐘的內容,但是很少記得講座中間說了什么。

4. Encourage Active Processing
鼓勵積極處理


Learning is a constructive process. Listeners must think about the material, relate new knowledge to what is already known, and apply knowledge to new situations. Effective instructors use active learning techniques during the lectures.
學習是一個構建性的過程。聽眾們必須思考學習內容,把新知識跟已經學過的知識聯系起來并且運用到新的環境中。高效的講座者在講座中使用積極的學習技巧。

Listeners tend to prefer active learning techniques because they are engaging and fun.
聽眾們更喜歡積極的學習技巧,因為他們能夠參與其中并且覺得有趣。

5. Pose Reflective Questions
提出沉思性問題

The simplest way of using active learning techniques is to ask reflective questions, not yes or no questions, but those that require listeners to think. For example, “What would you do in this particular situation? How would you approach solving this problem?“ Reflective questions are difficult and will require time to think, so be prepared to wait for an answer (likely at least 30 seconds). Endure the silence.
使用積極的學習技巧,最簡單的辦法就是提問沉思性的問題,不是簡單回答對或者錯的問題,而是那些需要聽眾們去思考的問題。例如,“在這種情況下你會怎么做?你會怎樣解決這個問題?“沉思性的問題是有難度的并且需要時間去思考,因此要準備好去等待答案(可能至少是30秒)。要經得住沉默。

6. Get Them Writing
讓聽眾們動手寫


The benefit of asking listeners to consider the question in writing is that they will have time to think through their response and feel more comfortable discussing their views without fear of forgetting their point.
讓聽眾們通過動手寫去考慮問題的好處就是,聽眾們們會有時間去考慮問題,他們會在討論觀點的時候表現得更加自然,不用害怕忘記要點。

Breaking up a lecture and interspersing it with discussion and active learning takes the pressure off of you as the instructor. An hour and fifteen minutes, or even fifty minutes is a long time to talk. And it's a long time to listen. Try these techniques and vary your strategies to make it easier on everyone and increase your likelihood of success in the classroom.
使講座分層,并且以討論和積極的學習貫穿其中能夠減少作為講座者的壓力。無論是聽還是講,一個小時十五分鐘或者五十五分鐘都是很長的一段時間。使用這些技巧或者轉換策略使講座變得更加容易,而且增加成功的可能性。

中国福彩网22选5开奖