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走進牛津大學英語聽力01:卓有成效的牛津大學(音頻+文本)

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2016-4-25 14:22

走進牛津大學英語聽力01:卓有成效的牛津大學(音頻+文本)

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【牛津大學簡介】牛津大學是世界十大學府之一,以美麗的大學城聞名全世界。

牛津大學坐落于英格蘭南部的牛津市。在牛津,處處都是優美的哥德式尖塔建筑。

牛津大學是英國第一所國立大學,她為英國培育出無數的頂尖杰出人士,包括2位英國國王、26位英國首相(其中包括格萊斯頓、艾德禮、撒切爾夫人和布萊爾)、多位外國政府首腦(如美國前總統克林頓)、48位諾貝爾獎獲得者以及一大批著名科學家。

該大學共有30多個學院,各具特色。牛津與劍橋是英國的驕傲,二校享譽全球,其地位之特殊除淵源于英國上層社會以外,還在于其悠久的歷史與獨特的學制。在英國社會里,牛劍(Oxbridge)一詞即是二校的簡稱。

【雙語文本】
Located in Oxford, Britain, the University of Oxford is respected internationally as a teaching and research centre, with a long history of more than 800 years. Although the Oxford University does not have an exact date of foundation, its history can be traced back to the end of the 11th century. There is evidence showing that teaching existed in Oxford as early as 1096. At the end of the 12th century, the Oxford had grown rapidly into a very important teaching centre. During over 8 centuries, Oxford has always been the world’s leading academic institution. In the subject tables of the Times Good University Guide between 2002 and 2010, it has been ranked as the top university in the UK, with Cambridge as the second. The tables of 2008 shows that Oxford is ranked first in Politics, Physiological Sciences, English, Fine Art, Business Studies, Materials Technology, Middle Eastern and African Studies, Music, Philosophy, and also Education and Linguistics.
位于英國牛津市的牛津大學是在國際上備受尊崇的教學與研究中心,有著800多年的悠久歷史。雖然牛津大學成立的確切日期不詳,但其歷史可追溯到11世紀末。有證據表明,早在10%年,牛津就有教學活動了。到12世紀末的時候,牛津已經快速發展成為了一個重要的教育中心。8個多世紀以來,牛津大學一直是全球的頂尖學府。從2002年到2010年,它已經連續9年被英國《泰晤士報》名校指南欄目評為全英國綜合排名第一的大學,劍橋則排名第二。2008年的調查顯示,牛津在以下科目排名第一:政治、生理學、英語、美學、商業研究、材料科學、中東和非洲學、音樂、哲學,還有教育學和語言學。
Oxford is not only the top university in the UK, but is a member of the Russell Group, which is a collaboration of twenty UK universities specializing in academic research. The Russell Group is a university union that produces the most Nobel Prize winners around the word. So far, there are some 300 Nobel Prize winners from the Group, among which 188 are from Cambridge, Oxford, and London University.Moreover, the Oxford University is also a membership of the Coimbra Group, which is a network of 38 European leading universities, including some universities that are the oldest and most prestigious in Europe.
牛津大學不僅是英國的頂級大學,同時也是英國專門從事學術研究的由20個大學組成的“羅素集團“中的一員。羅素集團是全世界產生諾貝爾獎得主最多的大學聯盟。迄今為止,有大約300名諾貝爾獎得主出自該集團,其中,僅劍橋、牛津和倫敦大學就產生了188名。此外, 牛津大學也是科英布拉集團的成員,它是由38個歐洲頂尖大學組成的聯盟,包括一些全歐洲最古老、最有聲望的大學。
According to statistics, the Oxford University produced a total number of two Kings of England, forty-eight Nobel Prize winners, twenty-six British Prime Ministers,twelve saints and twenty Archbishops of Canterbury. The King of the Britain in 1901,Edward VII, studied in Oxford between 1859 and 1860; and Edward VIII, the King of the Britain in 1936, learned in the University between 1912 and 1914. Including Aung San Suu Kyi, Burma leader of the Opposition, forty-eight Nobel Prize winners have studied or taught at Oxford.Twenty-six British Prime Ministers have attended Oxford, including William Gladstone, Herbert Asquith, Clement Attlee, Harold Macmillan, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, Margaret Thatcher, Tony Blair, and so on. Oxford has also produced at least twelve saints, and twenty Archbishops of Canterbury, including the current incumbent, Rowan Williams. There are also many other famous senior and junior members of the University in various areas, such as writers, economists, scientists, composers, and actors.
據統計,牛津大學總共產生了2位英國國王:,48位諾貝爾獎得主,26位英國首相,12位圣徒和20位大主教。1901年即位的英王愛德華七世曾在1859—1860年求學于牛津大學,而于1936年即位的英王愛德華八世也在1912—1914年就讀于牛津大學。包括緬甸反對黨領袖昂山素季在內的48位諾貝爾獎獲得者都曾在牛津學習或者工作過。在牛津學習過的26位英國首相包括威廉?格萊斯頓、赫伯特?阿斯奎斯、克萊門特?艾德禮、哈羅德?麥克米倫、哈羅德?威爾遜、愛德華?希思、瑪格麗特?撒切爾、托尼?布萊爾等。牛津大學還培養了至少12位圣徒和20位坎特伯雷大主教,包括現任坎特伯雷大主教羅恩?威廉斯。此外還有其他很多牛津著名校友遍布于眾多領域,其中包括作家、經濟學家、科學家、作曲家和演員。

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